- Comparative Anatomy
Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia
700 Ka - 1 Ma
Unknown but attributed to Eugene Dubois
800 Ka - 400 Ka
O. Zdansky 1921; B. Bohlin 1928-1929; W. Pei 1930-1937; Institute of Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Beijing 1959 and 1966
Forty Homo erectus individuals were found within a cave, known as Locality 1, at Zhoukoudian (nee Dragon Bone Hill), about 42 km southwest of Beijing, China. Excavations began at Locality 1 in the early 1920s, with the first skullcap found in 1929. With China on the brink of war in December 1941, the fossils were sent to the United States for safekeeping. Unfortunately, all the original fossils, except for 2 teeth, disappeared during shipment. Luckily, extraordinary casts and descriptions of the fossils made prior to shipment survived, and are still used today to study the expansive H. erectus remains from Locality 1.
13 Sep 1969
Sangiran, Java, Indonesia
Sartono S. 1972. Discovery of Another Hominid Skull at Sangiran, Central Java. Current Anthropology 13(1):124-126
1 Ma - 700 Ka
Solo river, near Ngawi, Java, Indonesia
Before Trinil 2 was discovered, most scientists believed hominins originated in Europe. But in 1891, the partial cranium of Trinil 2 was discovered near the Solo River (near Ngawi, java, Indonesia), and predated any known European fossil at about 1 Ma to 700 Ka. Dubbed "Java Man", Trinil 2 was originally assigned the taxonomic name of Pithecanthropus erectus by Eugene Dubois who was searching for "the missing link" between apes and humans. The specimen was later reassigned to Homo erectus, and designated as the holotype for this species1.
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