- Comparative Anatomy
Caune de l'Arago, Tautavel, France
15 & 23 Oct 1978
Alemayhew Asfaw, Paul Whitehead, and Craig Wood
Bodo d'Ar, Ethiopia
500 Ka - 350 Ka
Jul 1992; Jul 1993
Sima de los Huesos, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain
17 Jun 1921
Limestone Cave, Kabwe, Zambia
Kabwe 1, or Broken Hill 1, was the first human fossil ever discovered in Africa3. Represented by an almost complete cranium, Kabwe 1 was accidentally stumbled upon by miners in a solution cavity of a limestone hill in Kabwe, Zambia. Associated faunal material was used to date the cranium to approximately 400 Ka. Kabwe 1 as been assigned to the species Homo heidelbergensis.
24 Jul 1933
Karl Sigrist, Jr.
Sigrist gravel pit, Steinheim, Wurttemberg, Germany
500 Ka - 400 Ka
21 Oct 1907
Quarry near the village of Mauer
Paleontologist Otto Schoetensack spent 20 years looking for fossils near the Maurer quarry when, in 1907, an adult mandible was discovered in fluvial deposits by quarry workmen1. Mauer 1, nicknamed "Heidelberg Man", is estimated to be between 500 Ka and 400 Ka, based on faunal associations2. Although the fossil's morphology appears similar to modern human, it lacks a chin and has a relatively broad ascending ramus. Mauer 1 is the holotype for Homo heidelbergensis. Until recently, Mauer 1 was one of the oldest hominin fossils from Europe ever discovered.
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Funding for eFossils was provided by the Longhorn Innovation Fund for Technology (LIFT) Award from the Research & Educational Technology Committee (R&E) of the IT governance structure at The University of Texas at Austin.