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homo sapiens: cro-magnon 1

  • Geologic Age:

    32 Ka - 30 Ka

  • Discovery Date:

    Mar 1868

  • Discovered By:

    Louis Lartet & Henry Christy

  • Discovery Location:

    Abri Cro-Magnon, Les Eyzies, France

  • Cranial Capacity:

    <1,600 cc

  • Specimen Age:

    Adult

  • Sex:

    Male

    Cro-Magnon 1 consists of a relatively complete cranium and associated mandible belonging to an adult male and dating to approximately 32-30 Ka. The skeleton displays classic modern human characteristics, such as a high, vertical forehead, large cranial capacity (~1,600 cc); and the presence of a chin1,3. The lack of teeth in combination with reabsoption of the mandible indicate that the individual was probably of advanced age. Pitting seen on the cranium results from a fungal infection2.

    1. Johanson D and Edgar B. 2006. From Lucy to Language: Revised, Updated, and Expanded. New York: Simon and Schuster.
    2. Klein RG. 2009. The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins Third Edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    3. Schwartz JH and Tattersall I. 2002. The Human Fossil Record (Volume One): Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe). Hoboken: Wiley-Liss.

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